About 250 million years ago, there was only one continent and ocean in Universe. The continent known as “Pangaea“. The ocean known as “Panthalasa“. Pangaea was a super continent. It covers an area of 150 million sq. Kms. It spread equally between the two hemisphere. The northern drift cut this Pangaea from east to west. Along a line slightly north of equator. Break up of the Pangaea has resulted in formation of present continents and oceans. Later, many countries are founded are founded in different continents. Within, these continents the Seven Wonders of World are formed. These are located in different countries.
Seven Wonders of World
1. Great wall of China – China
2. Petra – Jordan
3. Christ the Redeemer – Brazil
4. Machu Picchu – Peru
5. Chichen Itza – Mexico
6. Colosseum – Italy
7. The Taj Mahal – India
1. Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest wonder of the World. It was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. The date of construction is Since, 7th century BC. Just like a gigantic dragon, it winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus. It was stretching approximately 21, 196 km from east to west of China. With a history of about 2, 700 years, Some of the Great Wall sections are now in ruins or have disappeared. However, the Great Wall of China is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world. They are owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.
Having, a wonderful Great Wall tour is a must for one, s China trip. Along, this super long wall. Beijing ranks the top destination for its proper maintanance of the abundant wall relics of the Ming Dynasty. Badaling and Mutianyu are best sections to see neat and complete walls and beacon towers. While Jinshanling and simatai offers challenging Great Wall liking routes with open and scenery.
Petra, is one of seven wonders of World. These wonder is without a doubt Jordan, s most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction. Petra is a vast, unique city. It is carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabatoceans. An Industries Arab people who settled here more than 2000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk. China, India and Southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. Entrance to the city is through the siq, a narrow gorge, over 1 km in length, which is flanked on either side by soaring 80 m high cliffs. It was constructed in 100. BC.
Just walking through the siq is an experience in itself. The colors and formations of the rocks are dazzling. As you reach the end of siq, you will catch your first glimpse of Al – Khazneh ( Treasury ). A 13th century shrine, built by the Mameluk sultan, Al Nasir Mohammad, to commemorate the death of Aaron. The brother of Moses, can be seen on top of Mount Aaron in the Sharah range. Inside, the site several artisans from the town of Wadi Musa and a nearby Bedouin settlement have set up small stalls selling local handicrafts. Such as pottery, Bedouin jewellery and bottles of striated multi – coloured sands from the area.
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3. Christ the Redeemer
Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was created by Polish French sculptor Paul Landowski. It was built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa. The face was created by the Romanian artist Gheorghe Leonidas. The statue of 30 meters ( 98 ft ) tall, not including its 80 meters ( 26 ) pedestal. It’s arms stretch 28 meters ( 92 ft ) wide. By comparison it is approximately two – third the height of the “Statue of Liberty” from base to torch.
The statue weighs 635 metric tons ( 625 long, 700 short ). Christ the Redeemer is located at the peak of 700 metres ( 2300 ft ). Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park over looking in city of Rio. A symbol of Christianity across the world. The statue has also become a cultural icon of both Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. These wonder is listed as one of the New Seven Wonders of World . It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone. It was constructed between 1922 and 1931. Redeemer is the part of seven wonders of World.
4. Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca citadel. It is situated on a mountain ridge, 2430 m ( 7970 ft ) above sea level. These wonder is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province. Machu Picchu is a district in Peru. Above the sacred valley, which is 80 km north west of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry stone walls. It’s three primary structures are the Inti Watana. The temple of the Sun and the Room of the outlying buildings. They have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of how they originally appeared. It is one of the seven wonders World.
It was constructed in 1450 AD. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored and restoration continues. It was declared a Peruvian historical sanctuary in 1981. A UNESCO world heritage site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New seven wonders of World in a worldwide internet poll.
5. Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza is also known as “Temple of Kukulcan”. It is a Meso – American step pyramid that dominates the center of the Chichen Itza. It is a archaeological site in the Mexican state of Yucatan. The building is more formally designated by archaeological as Chichen Itza structure 5 B1B. It is built by the pre – Columbian Maya civilization. Sometimes between the 9th and 12th centuries, EI Castillo served as a temple to the God Kukulan. The Yucatec Maya Feathered Serpent drity closely known to the Aztecs. Other central Mexican cultures of the post classic period. It includes the seven wonders of World.
It was constructed in 600 AD. The pyramid consists of series of square terraces with stairways up. Each of the four sides to the temple on top. Sculptures of plumed serpents run down the sides of the northern balustrade. During, the spring and autumn, the late afternoon sun strikes off the north – west corner of pyramid. The casts a series of triangular shadows against the North – West balustrade. It creating the illusion of feathered serpent “crawling” down the pyramid. The structure is 24m ( 79ft ) high, plus on additional 6m ( 20ft ) for the temple. The square base measures 55. 3m ( 181 ft ) across.
Colosseum is also called Flavian Amphitheatre, giant amphitheatre. It was built in Rome, Italy under the Flavian emperors. Construction of the Colosseum was begun sometime between 70 & 72, during the region of Vespasian. It is located just east of the Palatine Hill. On the ground of what was Nero, s Golden House. The artificial lake that was the centerpiece of that palace complex was drained. The Colosseum was sited there, a decision that was as much symbolic as it was practical. Vespasian, whose path to the throne had relatively humble beginnings. Choose to replace the tyrannical emperor’s private Lake with public amphitheatre that could host tens of thousands of Romans. The structure was officially dedicated in 80 ce by Titus. In a ceremony that included 100 days of games. It was constructed in 80 AD.
It is one of the seven wonders of World. Later, in 82 ce Domitian completed the work by adding the uppermost story. Unlike, earlier amphitheaters, which were nearly all dug into convenient Hill sides for extra support. The Colosseum is a freestanding structure of stone and concrete, using a complex system of barrel vaults and grain vaults. It’s measuring 620 by 513 feet overall. Three of the arena, s stories are encircled by arcades framed. On the exterior by engaged columns in the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders. The structures rising arrangement of columns became the basis of the Renaissance codification known as the assemblage of orders. The main structural framework and facade are travertine. The secondary walls are volcanic tufa. The inner bowl and the arcade vaults are concrete.
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7. The Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal Emperor “Shah Jahan” to house the remains of his cherished wife. The Taj Mahal stands on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Agra. The famed mausoleum complex, built over more than 20 years. It is one of the most outstanding examples of Mughal architecture. It combined India, Perisan and Islamic influences. At its center, is the Taj Mahal itself. It was built by shimmering white marble that seems to change color depending on the sunlight or moonlight hitting its surface. Designated, a UNESCO word Heritage site in 1983, it remains one of the World most celebrated structures and a stunning symbol of India, s rich history. It includes the seven wonders of World.
It was constructed in 1648 AD. In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died after giving birth to the Couple of 14th child. The grieving “Shah Jahah”, known for commissioning a number of impressive structures throughout this region. Ordered the building of a magnificent mausoleum across the Yamuna River from his own Royal Palace at Agra. Construction began around 1632 and would continue for the next two decades. The chief architect was probably Ustad Ahmad, an Indian of Persian descent who would later be credited with designing the Red Fort at Delhi. In all, more than 20, 000 workers from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire, along with 1, 000 elephants were brought into build the mausoleum complex.
In last, these are all about the seven wonders world. It is the most attracting and beautiful places of the world. In a year, more than 2 crore visitors visit these places. Visitors coming from the different countries for visit these places amda let, s feel enjoying the some moments of life.